Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease usually manifests itself in the lungs, although it can affect other organs (brain, meningitis, kidney, intestines, bone, ovaries…). It is transmitted through small particles that the patient coughs into the environment and is only suffering from infectious pulmonary tuberculosis. The infection is not a disease, but only 10% of those who are infected and get sick with active tuberculosis.
The most common symptoms of TB include: fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss, increased night sweats, fever, with a cough that is usually dry and hard and rarely accompanied by coughing up mucus, pus or blood. Wheezing may be present if the disease is advanced, and chest pain occurs if the pleuron is affected. If other organs are affected, the disease is manifested by problems related to them.
When you see the X-ray changes characteristic of tuberculosis, it is necessary to conduct a hearing so the disease can be demonstrated. The basic method of proof is to summarize the sputum tubercle bacillus. If the disease does not prove conducted further testing, which involves taking a patient’s view of the city (bronchoscopy) and its examination under a microscope (histopathology), then the treatment is starting, which is currently conducted by the direct short-term operation and do not last more than a year or two of six months. New patients are treated with a combination of four drugs and those who are sick again by five. Patient’s required re-treatment is longer and some drugs are used to avoid creating resistance to tuberculosis drugs, which is very dangerous since in this way is developing multidrug-resistant TB, which is very difficult to heal and sometimes leads to death.
3. Risk factors
Risk factors for these diseases are HIV infection, immune compromising conditions, smoking, low body weight, alcohol and drugs, socially vulnerable groups, prisoners, community living with a tuberculosis patient.
4. Regular control
TB patients in the hospital are treated for an average of six weeks, or until they have in their organisms tubercle marks, which shows their infectiousness to others. When they become noninfectious, they are released for further outpatient treatment and recommended further treatment under the control of the dispensary for lung disease. Just in case it is a complicated and not fully proven disease, patients are invited and control at the hospital.
5. No need for freight factor
Every patient should have in mind that today tuberculosis is a curable disease if treated long enough, with the appropriate combination of drugs, and that means listening to medical advice and regular reporting to the control. All drugs for tuberculosis are available for everyone, and they could be getting free after leaving the hospital dispensary, and they can also be found in the relevant pharmacy prescription without charge, and there is no objective reason for treatment failure.